Mathematics

Taylor. Julius H. (ed.) | The Negro in Science

  • First edition, first printing and a superb copy of this important volume in the history of science by prominent physicist Julius H. Taylor (1914 - 2011). In a contemporary, handmade jacket with typescript title to the spine.

    Taylor earned his master’s degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1941 and remained at the school as a research assistant in a field so cutting-edge that its name—solid-state physics—was not coined until six years later. “Solid-state physicists study the structure and reactivity of a solid material, especially the behavior of ions molecules, nucleons, and electrons within it. They work with crystals and explore the effects of imperfections on solid substances” (Krapp, Notable Black American Scientists, p. 293). Taylor earned his PhD in 1950 with a dissertation concerning “the properties of germanium, a semi-metallic element with qualities similar to those of silicon. First isolated in 1886, germanium would later be used for optical instruments, and as a semiconductor in transistors” (Krapp).

    In 1949 Taylor was appointed a professor of physics at Morgan State College (now Morgan State University), becoming chair of the department the following year. It was at Morgan that he served as editor of this volume highlighting the contributions of Black researchers, which was published to celebrate the dedication of the school’s new science quadrangle.

    As Martin D. Jenkins explained in the introduction, “That Negroes have made important contributions to the field of the natural sciences is an important fact of which neither the lay public nor scientists themselves are fully cognizant. The primary purposes of this volume, then, are to lay before a larger public the achievements of a little-known group of scientists, and to call attention to the valuable resource constituted by the racial group from which these scientists come”.

    The contents include fifteen academic articles in four subjects areas: biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics, as well as an introduction by physicist Herman R. Branson, a short analysis of current trends in scientific education for Black Americans, and a biographical dictionary. Among the authors represented are W. Montague Cobb, James H. M. Henderson, James Bonner, Samuel M. Nabrit, Lloyd N. Ferguson, David Blackwell, J. Ernest Wilkins, Jr., and Warren E. Henry.

  • ...By the Calloway Hall Editorial Committee, Morgan State College. Baltimore, MD: Morgan State College Press, 1955.

    Large octavo. Original blue cloth, titles to spine gilt. Illustrations within the text. A fine copy in a contemporary brown paper jacket with typescript title to spine.